Using Quality Improvement Methods to Implement an Individualized Home Pain Management Plan for Children with Sickle Cell Disease
Lori E. Crosby, PsyD, Kenya Simmons, MBA, Peggy Kaiser, MSNP, Blair Davis, MS, Patricia Boyd, RN, Tiffany Eichhorn, MSN, RN, Tracy Mahaney, BSN, Naomi E. Joffe, PhD, Darice Morgan, MSN, Kathy Schibler, MSN, Viia Anderson, MSN, Charles T. Quinn, MD, MS, and Karen A. Kalinyak, MD
From the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH.
This article is the third in our Hemoglobinopathy Learning Collaborative series. See the related editorial by Oyeku et al in the February 2014 issue of JCOM. (—Ed.)
• Objective: To develop and implement individualized home pain management plans that included pharmacologic as well as nonpharmacologic strategies for children with sickle cell disease (SCD).
• Methods: A multidisciplinary quality improvement team developed a questionnaire to assess the frequency, location, and severity of a patient’s pain during a routine comprehensive visit in order to help the patient and family develop an effective home pain management plan. Using plan-do-study-act cycles, the team was able to build this process into the daily workflow for all SCD patients age 5 years to 21 years of age. Patients with comprehensive visits scheduled from January 2012 to May 2013 were included (n = 188) in the intervention.
• Results: By May of 2013, 88% of eligible patients had an individualized home plan in place. There was a concomitant reduction in the percentage of SCD patients seen in the ED for uncomplicated SCD pain (6.9% vs. 1.1%).
• Conclusions: Using quality improvement methods, an individualized home pain management intervention was incorporated successfully into the daily workflow of a busy outpatient SCD clinic. This intervention has the potential to improve patient outcomes by decreasing avoidable ED visits as well as reducing overall health care costs.
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